Carding Engine

CARDING ENGINE
The laps from the scutcher are placed on a roller, which by revolving, causes the lap to unwind. It is then gripped between a dish feeder or plate and a fluted feed roller. The projecting end of the lap is then pulled through by the teeth of the taker in, and (passing over mote knives and bars or grids) is laid on to the cylinder. The object of the mote knives is to take out a quantity of the heavier dirt. The cotton is carried forward on the surface of the wire with which the cylinder is covered, and brought into contact with similar wire on rollers or flats. As these latter travel very slowly and the cylinder revolves at a high surface speed, the cotton is combed between them, and is gradually carried towards the doffer (also covered with wire). The slow surface speed of the doffer strips the cotton from the cylinder, and the doffer in turn is stripped by an oscillating comb. The web from this comb is condensed into silver by passing through a trumpet and a pair of calender rollers and delivered through a coiler. It is afterwards coiled in layers into a card can. The width of the card varies according to the kind of cotton being treated. In common practice for Indian Chinese and the low grade cottons 45 in wide machines are usually adopted for American, 40 in , 41 in wide Egyptian and Sea Islands, 37 in or 38 in wide, with cylinders 50 in diameter, 9 in take-in and doffers 24 in, 26 in , or 27 in diameter. The revolving Flat Card is shown here

Dictionary of the English textile terms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carding engine — Carding Card ing, a. 1. The act or process of preparing staple for spinning, etc., by carding it. See the Note under {Card}, v. t. [1913 Webster] 2. A roll of wool or other fiber as it comes from the carding machine. [1913 Webster] {Carding… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carding engine — noun Britain : carding machine * * * carding engine, British. carding machine …   Useful english dictionary

  • Carding — Card ing, a. 1. The act or process of preparing staple for spinning, etc., by carding it. See the Note under {Card}, v. t. [1913 Webster] 2. A roll of wool or other fiber as it comes from the carding machine. [1913 Webster] {Carding engine},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carding machine — Carding Card ing, a. 1. The act or process of preparing staple for spinning, etc., by carding it. See the Note under {Card}, v. t. [1913 Webster] 2. A roll of wool or other fiber as it comes from the carding machine. [1913 Webster] {Carding… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carding — A very thorough opening out and separating of the fibres of cotton, together with an effective cleaning. Upon the work done by the carder depends the success of the future operations in the making of cloth. This opening and cleaning of the cotton …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Smith, J. — SUBJECT AREA: Textiles [br] fl. 1830s Scotland [br] Scottish inventor of the first endless chain of flats for carding. [br] Carding by hand required a pair of hand cards. The lump of tangled fibres was teased out by pulling one card across the… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Bourn, Daniel — SUBJECT AREA: Textiles [br] fl. 1744 Lancashire, England [br] English inventor of a machine with cylinders for carding cotton. [br] Daniel Bourn may well have been a native of Lancashire. He set up a fourth Paul Wyatt cotton spinning mill at… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Кардование — (cardage; Kratzen, Krempeln, Kardieren, Streichen; carding), или кардочесание прядильных материалов имеет целью произвести в общей массе разрыхленного материала возможно полное разделение волокон между собою, равномерно распределяя и несколько… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Matthew Murray — For other people named Matthew Murray, see Matthew Murray (disambiguation). Matthew Murray Matthew Murray (1765 1826) Born 1765 Newcastle upon Tyne …   Wikipedia

  • licker-in — |likə|(r)in noun ( s) : a drum or cylinder in a carding machine that takes the lap from the feed rollers * * * /lik euhr in /, n. a roller on a carding machine, esp. the roller that opens the stock as it is fed into the card and transfers the… …   Useful english dictionary

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